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Home > Waema Timothy M.


Academic Qualifications:

B.Sc. Hons. (EEE, Bath, UK),
Ph.D. (Info. Systems, Cambridge, UK)

Curriculum Vitae:

Click here to Download CV


Brief Resume

Timothy M. Waema is an Associate Professor in the School of Computing and Informatics in the University of Nairobi. He lectures and does research in a variety of areas in Information Systems. Prof. Waema has a wealth of experience in university management and is currently serving as a member of the Mombasa Polytechnic University Council. He has a wide experience in consultancy in many areas of ICT and management, including strategic planning at both corporate and ICT levels, telecommunications, information systems assessment, ICT systems development and implementation, project management, change management, results-based management, and ICTs and national socio-economic development.

Relevant Experience in Administration and Management

(a)    Chief Technical Officer in performance contract negotiations  between the University and the Government and in performance review.
(b)    Chairman of University Management Committee to restructure all Central University units and academic support services.
(c)    Vice-Chairman of the University Task Force to develop Strategic Plan and to re-structure academic units
(d)    Chairman of a committee to re-engineer the processes for managing research grants. Produced a blue print for re-organization of the Grants section of Finance department.
(e)    Was Vice-Chairman of a University Restructuring Task Force that looked into ways to re-structure the University to overcome current problems and to meet future challenges in higher education, using modern business management methodologies, including business process re-engineering.


(f)    Developed the University of Nairobi Accreditation Policy which has been adopted and used to accredit institutions wishing to offer University of Nairobi academic programmes.
(g)    Was a key member of an Accreditation Panel to evaluate and accredit the Kenya College of Communications Technology (KCCT) to offer Diploma in computer Science and Certificate and Advanced Certificate in Computing Studies of the University of Nairobi.
(h)    Pioneered and provided leadership in re-structuring the Institute of Computer Science to produce the School of Computing and Informatics and Information and Communications Technology (ICT) Centre.
(i)    Written a number of Memoranda of Understanding (MOUs) to establish links with a number of institutions. These include the Kenya College of Communications Technology, Communications Commission of Kenya and Defense. The first two MOUs have been signed.
(j)    Served as a member of a number of committees of the top University organs (Senate, University Management Board and University Council).

Relevant Experience in ICT Management in University of Nairobi

(a)    Infrastructure development.  Pioneered and provided leadership in planning for and implementing ICT infrastructure in all University campuses and in interconnecting these campuses into one integrated network.
(b)    Internet. Pioneered and provided leadership in introducing Internet in most campuses of the University in line with ICT infrastructure development.
(c)    MIS projects.  Pioneered and provided project management in the development and implementation of an integrated suit of management information systems in the university.
(d)    Web site.  Pioneered and provided leadership in the development of the University web site.
(e)    User and management training. Conducted training for users and managers on (a) - (d) above in order to institutionalize ICT and make it sustainable.
(f)    KENET. Helped the formation of the Kenya Education Network (KENET), especially the development of the Trust Deed that established KENET Trust and in planning for the initial projects. I was elected to Chair the Projects Implementation Team and a member of the Management Board that transacts business on behalf of the KENET Board of Trustees.

Relevant Experience in Students Supervision

(a)  Masters students
  •     Supervised over 15 MSc. research projects

(b) Ph.D. Students
  • Dr. Elijah Omwenga – completed in 2004
  • Dr. Agnes Wausi – completed in 2009
  •  Mr. Daniel Orwa – registered and research on-going
  • Ms. Margaret Nyambura – registered and research on-going
  • Mr. Christopher Chepken – registered and research on-going
  • Mr. Anthony Omwansa – proposal writing stage
  • Mr. Kamotho Njenga - proposal writing stage

Relevant Experience in Professional and Other Activities

(a)    Certified by the Kenya Corporate Governance Institute as corporate governance trainer.
(b)    Head of the Kenyan node of the ResearchICTAfrica (RIA), a Pan-African research network on ICT.
(c)    Formerly in the Editorial Board of an international Journal, "Information Technology for Development",  ISSN:0268-1102.
(d)    A Founder Member of the International Federation for Information Processing (IFIP) Working Group 9.4. This group is concerned about information systems in developing countries.
(e)    A Member of the Association of Computing Machinery (ACM). This is the top Computer Science professional association in the world.


(f)    A Founder Member and Secretary of the Information Technology Standards Association (ITSA) of Kenya.
(g)    The Chairman of the Management Board of the Kenya Educational Network (KENET), the national research and education network (NREN) and was previously the Chairman of the Implementation Committee that brought Internet to most universities in Kenya.
(h)    An former Board Member of Kiundwani Secondary School, Machakos.
(i)    A Board Member of Netcom Information Systems Ltd, a local ICT consultancy firm.
(j)    A Council Member of the Mombasa Polytechnic University College, 2008-2011.

Relevant Experience in Research/Consultancy Activities/Projects

(a)    Government of Kenya (2008/2009). Team Leader of a consultancy/research assignment to review the achievements of the 2004-2007 e-Government strategy and to develop the next five-year e-Government strategy for Kenya.
(b)    United States International University (2008). External review of the Information Systems and Technology B.Sc. degree.
(c)    Ph.D. thesis Examination. External and internal examination of Ph.D. theses in University of Cape Town and University of Nairobi,
(d)    E-readiness assessment and accession for 50 Universities in the East African region (2008-2010). A primary investigator in carrying out e-readiness assessment and creating e-readiness roadmaps for 50 universities in the East African region and assisting selected universities to move to higher state of readiness.


(e)    E-waste assessment (2007-2008). Lead researcher in assessing the status of electronic waste in Kenya and drawing up a roadmap for policy influence.
(f)    Bridging the digital divide for rural communities (2006-2009).  Kenyan Team Leader in a research project with 5 other UK universities to develop novel and innovative ICT solutions to solve the problem of rural farming communities. This project has attracted a number of Masters and Ph.D. students.
(g)    ICT and Poverty (2006-2009). Carrying research on the impacts of ICT on poverty alleviation to be funded by IDRC in the Eastern Africa regional countries.
(h)    LOG-IN Africa (2006-2008). Research Director of a Pan-African research on the impact of ICT on governance in local governments.
(i)    ICT and local governance (2006-2008). Carrying out research on ICT and local governance in Kenya as part of regional (African) research network on ICT and local governance, funded by IDRC.  
(j)    Research ICT Africa (2007-2008). Lead Researcher on access and usage of ICTs at the household level in Kenya.


(k)    E-readiness in higher education institutions (2006-2007). Co-team leader on research on e-readiness of higher educational institutions
(l)    ICT and Small Business Enterprises (2005). Lead researcher on access and use of ICT in small business enterprises (SMEs) in Kenya as part of a regional (African) SME E-Access and E-Usage Survey, sponsored by IDRC.
(m)    Regional institutions and ICT governance (2005). Carried out research on the role of regional institutions, e.g. COMESA, AU, ARICEA, etc. on e-strategies in Kenya. The results of this research was compiled by ResearchICTAfrica (RIA) and presented in WSIS in Nov. 2005.
(n)    Ministry of Planning and IDRC (2005). Lead researcher in the development of the institutional structure for implementing the national ICT policy. Produced a report proposing institutional framework required for the development and implementation of the national ICT policy.
(o)    E-Government Directorate (OP) and IDRC (2005). Lead researcher/consultant in baseline survey of ICT in Government. Produced an e-readiness report of Government ministries and created new indicators for e-readiness in Government.


(p)    Communications Commission of Kenya (2003/4). Lead researcher/consultant in the development of policy and strategy for universal access to info-communication services in Kenya. Produced a Universal Access Strategy for Kenya to be incorporated in the national ICT policy.  The overall objective of the project was to conduct research and consultations leading to the definition and articulation of a universal access (UA) strategic plan, the establishment and definition of a mechanism for funding universal access in the Kenya communications sector, and the preparation of operational guidelines for the implementation of the universal access strategic plan.
(q)    Ministry of Finance (2002) - E-readiness assessment. Lead researcher/consultant in the e-readiness assessment for Kenya. Produced the first national e-readiness report for Kenya.
(r)    University of Nairobi (1998-2005). Research on ICT and open and distance learning and information systems. Research in both areas on-going.  

Information Systems Consultancy

(a)    National ID Agency (NIDA), Tanzania (2009). Consultant to develop a project document for piloting the implementation of ID registration for eligible Tanzanians on behalf of NIDA.
(b)    Better Regulation Unit, Tanzania (2008). Consultant to help develop a project for computerizing and scanning company records for the  Business Registrations and Licensing Agency and costing a project on computerization of birth and death records for RITA.
(c)    World Bank (2008). Independent Assessment of Quality of World Bank’s Governance and Anti-Corruption Measures in the Kenya Transparency, Communication and Infrastructure Project
(d)    Better Regulation Unit, Tanzania (2007-2008). Chief ICT consultant in establishing the requirements and preparing a project plan and budget to computerize all the key areas of operation for the business registry agency (Business Registrations and Licensing Agency, BRELA) and implementing a new law on business activities registration.


(e)    Electronic waste management (2007-2008). Lead researcher in investigating the status of electronic waste management and drawing up a roadmap for discussion with stakeholders, including policy makers.
(f)    Communications Commission of Kenya (2006/2007).  Team Leader in a study/consultancy to assess the Internet market in Kenya and advise CCK on the way forward.
(g)    United Nations Environmental Programme, UNEP (2006). Information Management Expert to carry out data and information needs of the various institutions involved in the Eastern Africa coastal and marine environmental resources management at the national, regional and international levels and to develop an information management strategy for adoption by UNEP/WIO-LaB Project and Nairobi Convention for the improvement the existing web-based information system.
(h)    Corporate Affairs Commission, Nigeria (2006/2007). ICT consultant to re-engineer the processes/procedures of business registration in Nigeria, develop the specifications for an integrated system for business and tax registration and supervise its implementation.


(i)    Office of Registrar General, Kenya (2005/2006). ICT consultant to review existing systems for business registration and make recommendations.
(j)    POTRAZZ, Zimbabwe (2005). Sole consultant in facilitating a workshop on Universal Service Fund management.
(k)    Directorate of E-Government, OP and UNDP (2005). Sole consultant in rolling out a computer-based system for monitoring economic-wide reforms in all the ministries and carrying out the necessary training.
(l)    University of Nairobi (2005). Led a Task Force to restructure Central academic and administrative units, including Colleges and Students Welfare Association.
(m)    University of Nairobi (2005). Key resource person to develop the performance indicators and targets and performance contract and to evaluate quarter one performance review for the University of Nairobi.
(n)    Kenya Wildlife Services (2005). Developed an ICT programme proposal for KWS to be used for resource mobilization.


(o)    DFID (Kenya) and Government of Kenya (2005). Sole consultant to review the implementation of an integrated financial management information system (IFMIS) in Government.
(p)    EPZA (2003). Trained the EPZA board on corporate governance.
(q)    World Bank/KP&TC (2000). Team Leader in a project management assignment that involved a pilot project to try the commercial and technical viability of the provision of telecommunication services in the rural areas.
(r)    Information Systems Strategy Development. Evaluated the corporate business requirements and developed the Information Systems strategy in the following organizations: Analysys Ltd, UK (1988/89), Kenya Commercial Bank (1988), Kenya Posts and Telecommunications (1991/92), Ministry of Local Government, Kenya Urban Transport Infrastructure Project (1994/95), Kenya Railways Corporation (1997/98), Kenya Postal Corporation (1999), University of Nairobi (1999)
(s)    ICT Tender Preparation and Evaluation (1998 – 2005). Developed tender specifications for numerous ICT projects and evaluated the tenders  for University of Nairobi, Ministry of Education, and other public and private institutions.  


(t)    Project Management of MIS Applications Implementation (1991 – 2005). Project Manager of numerous MIS implementation projects in the University of Nairobi, private firms and public institutions.
(u)    Project Management of ICT Physical Infrastructure Implementation (1998 - 2005. Project Manager in many local area network and wide area network infrastructure projects in the University of Nairobi and other public and
(v)    Training. Provided training to numerous institutions and target groups on corporate governance, project management, management information systems, database management, computer networks, ICT skills, etc.
(w)    Magadi Soda Ltd (1999). Studied sources of telecommunication problems, carried out a cost-benefit analysis to determine project funding and prepared specifications for a new digital microwave radio system between Magadi and Nairobi.

Relevant experience in Strategic Planning

1.    Railway Training Institute (2009). Facilitator to review the strategic plan for Railway Training Institute and align it to Kenya Vision 2030.
2.    Sovereign Group Limited (2009). Facilitator to develop the strategic plan for Sovereign group of companies, a holding investment company.
3.    Directorate of e-Government, Office of the President, Kenya (2008). Project Team Leader in evaluating the implementation of the existing national e-Government strategy and developing the next 5-year national e-Government strategy.
4.    Tierra Ltd (2008). Facilitator to develop the strategic plan for Tierra Limited, a private  investment company.
5.    Kamahuha Limited (2008). Facilitator to develop the strategic plan for Kamahuha Limited, one of the largest private beverages distributor in Kenya.
6.    Privatization Commission, Government of Kenya (2008). Facilitator to develop the strategic plan and the initial privatization programme for a new Privatization Commission in Kenya.


7.    Business Registrations and Licensing Agency (BRELA) Tanzania (2008). Facilitator in developing the strategic plan for BRELA as part of modernizing BRELA’s registries.
8.    Railway Training Institute (RTI), Kenya Railways Corporation (2008). Facilitator to develop the strategic plan for the Railway Training Institute.
9.    Kenya School of Professional Studies, KSPS (2007). One of two facilitators in developing a strategic plan for KSPS to convert into a private university.
10.    EKM & Company Advocates (2007). Facilitator in developing a corporate strategic plan for EKM.
11.    Computers for Schools Kenya, CFSK (2007). Facilitator in developing a corporate strategic planning for CFSK.
12.    University of Nairobi (2007). One of the key resource persons in reviewing the 2005-2010 corporate strategic plan and developing the next corporate strategic plan for the university.


13.    Kenya Institute of Management (KIM) (2006). Facilitator in a leadership retreat to develop a new strategic direction and thrust in leadership and management development in the next thirty (30) years in Africa and beyond.
14.    Kenya Squash Racquets Association, KSRA (2006). Voluntary facilitator in developing the strategic planning for KSRA.
15.    Moi Girls High School, Eldoret (2006). Voluntary facilitator in developing the strategic planning for the school.
16.    Kenya Education Network, KENET (2006). Facilitator in developing a corporate strategic plan.
17.    Kenya Wildlife Services (2005). Led a devolution debate of KWS functions and facilitated the development of the strategic plan of one of the devolved areas of KWS, Northern Conservation Area.
18.    University of Nairobi (2005). Led a Task Force to develop the strategic plan of the University of Nairobi, 2005-2010.
19.    Njala University, Sierra Leone (2005). Facilitated Njala University in the development of its strategic plan for five years.


20.    International Commission of Jurists, ICJ (2005). Facilitated the developed of the strategic plan for ICJ (Kenya) and produced the final strategic plan.
21.    UNITID, University of Nairobi (2005). Facilitated the development of the strategic plan for University of Nairobi Institute of Tropical and Infectious Diseases (UNITID), College of Health Sciences, University of Nairobi.
22.    Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, University of Nairobi (2005). One of the key resource persons in developing the Faculty strategic plan.
23.    Moi University (2004). Key facilitator in developing a strategic plan for the University.
24.    Kenya Agricultural Research Institute (2003). Sole consultant in development of ICT strategic plan for KARI and produced the draft strategic plan.
25.    Faculty of Agriculture, University of Nairobi (2003). One of the key resource persons in developing the Faculty strategic plan.
26.    Faculty of Law, University of Nairobi (2003). One of the key resource persons in developing the Faculty strategic plan.
27.    ICT Centre, University of Nairobi (2002). Facilitator in developing the ICT strategic plan for the University.
28.    Kabarak University (2000/2001). A key resource person in developing the strategic plan for the University and produced the draft strategic plan.
29.    University of Nairobi (1999). One of the key resource persons in developing the first University of Nairobi strategic plans.

Key Training Received

1.    Outcome Mapping by the Evaluation Unit, International Development Research Centre,  IDRC (2007)
2.    Management Development by the Federation of Kenya Employers (2006)
3.    Financial Management by the Federation of Kenya Employers (2005)
4.    Human Resource Management by the Federation of Kenya Employers (2005)
5.    International Program for Development Evaluation Training by the International Programme for Development Evaluation Training (IPDET) of the World Bank (2004)
6.    Management of University-Enterprise Partnerships and Income Generating Activities certificate (a distance education course) by the International Institute for Educational Planning (IIEP), Paris, France (2003)
7.    Management of Higher Education Institutions by the Galillee College, Israel (2003)
8.    Card Processing Technology by DevData, Fintech Group (2002)
9.    Corporate governance (Company Director’s Course) by the Commonwealth Association for Corporate Governance and became a certified trainer on corporate governance (2001)
10.    Customer Service Excellence by Steadman Trains (1999)
11.    ORACLE systems development by AFRALTI (1991)

Institutional re-structuring workshops

1.    University of Nairobi – institutional restructuring and right-sizing
2.    Kenya Wildlife Services - devolution debate of KWS functions to regions
3.    University of Nairobi - restructuring Central academic and administrative units, including Colleges and Students Welfare Association
4.    Office of the Registrar General – process re-engineering and project planning
5.    Faulu Kenya – business process re-engineering

Project planning and management workshops

1.    POTRAZZ (ICT regulator), Zimbabwe – universal services project planning
2.    Moi University, Kenya – research projects formulation using Logical Framework Analysis (LFA) for funding by the Belgian Government
3.    University of Nairobi – ICT projects planning and implementation – many projects
4.    Kenya Cereals and Produce Board – ICT project planning
5.    Communications Commission of Kenya – several stakeholder workshops in development of the national Universal Access strategy
6.    LOG-IN Africa, Uganda – National Team Leaders workshop to develop the way forward for the Pan-African research network on impact of ICTs on local governance
7.    LOG-IN Africa, Mauritius – Mid-term review workshop

Conference Presentations

1.    Waema, T.M. (2000) Information and Communication Technology in the University of Nairobi, Kenya Engineer, Journal of the Institution of Engineers of Kenya, Vol. 21, No. 5, September/October 2000, pp 18-21.
2.    State of ICTs and Local Governance in Kenya: Needs Analysis and Research Priorities, a paper presented by W.V. Mitullah and T.M. Waema in a workshop of the Local Governance and ICTs Research Network for Africa (LOG-IN Africa) held in Nairobi, 3 – 5th September, 2005
3.    ICT and Education: The Way Forward, a paper presented in the ICT and Education Workshop on 4th to 5th December, 2003.
4.    Omwenga E. I., Waema T. M. (Dec. 2001), An asynchronous framework for a flexible web-driven courseware development and learning environment. Proceedings of the International Conference on Transformation of Higher Education Management Nov 12-15 2002, Kenyatta University, Nairobi, Kenya.
5.    Structure for ICT Policy Development and Implementation presented in the First National ICT Policy workshop held on 6th December, 2000 at the Mount Kenya Safari Club, Nairobi.
6.    “Should Access to ICT be a Basic Human Right?” presented at the ICJ (Kenya Section) Annual Seminar on “Legal Regimes for Information and Communications Technology in Kenya”, held at the Whitesands Hotel, Mombasa, Kenya, from 17th–21st November, 1999.
7.    “Communication Systems: Business Opportunities, Challenges & Strategies” presented at the Second Annual Seminar of the Institute of Certified Public Secretaries of Kenya on “Business and the Law”, held at the Mombasa Continental Resort from 13th-14th August, 1998. Appeared in the Journal of the Institute of Certified Public Secretaries of Kenya.


8.    “The Status of IT Training in Kenya: Issues, Problems & Challenges” presented at a MASSA seminar on “Professionalism and its Development in the IT Industry” held at the Kenya College of Communications Technology (KCCT) from 12th-13th March, 1998.
9.    Key note speech presented at the opening of The First National Programme for Training of Information Analysts (NAPTIA) in Uganda held at the Institute of Computer Science, Makerere University, Kampala, held in August, 1997.
10.    “Information Technology in Industry: Creating and Sustaining a Critical Edge for Year 2010 and Beyond” and “Information and the Strategic Roles of Information Systems in Industry: Towards Strategic Planning for Information Systems” presented at a KIRDI seminar held at the Machakos Garden Hotel, 1996.
11.     “Implementation of Information Technology Projects and Economic Development in Developing Countries: Issues, Problems and Strategies” and “Information Systems Strategy Formation in a Developing Country Bank” presented at “The Third Regional Programme for Trainers of Information Analysts in Africa (REPTIAA-3)”, held at the Institute of Computer Science, University of Nairobi, Kenya, from 5th-30th August, 1996.


12.    Waema, T.M. (1995) “Strategies for Strengthening University/Industry Links: Some Challenges & Opportunities in the Software Industry” in proceedings of the Kenya-DAAD Scholars National Conference on Strengthening the Relationship Between the Universities and Industry held at Lenana Mount Hotel, Nairobi, Kenya, from 27th Nov.- 1st Dec., 1995.
13.     “Training Needs of Information Analysts: Issues in the African Context”, “Information Systems in Organizations: Key Perspectives”, Information Systems and their Social Contexts: A Case of the Universities Admission System”, and “MIS Planning: A Case of IS Planning in a Developing Country Bank” presented at “The First Regional Programme for Trainers of Information Analysts in Africa (REPTIAA-1)”, held at the Institute of Computer Science, University of Nairobi, Kenya, from 1st-28th August, 1994.
14.    “MIS Development in KPTC” presented at a seminar/workshop held in Dakar, Senegal, on “MIS for Telecommunications Establishments” from 12th – 16th November, 1990.
15.    “Information Systems as Social Systems: Implications for Developing Countries” presented at a workshop held in New Delhi, India, on the “Impact of Information Systems in Developing Countries” from 24th – 26th November, 1988.
16.    “IT Strategy in the U.K. Building Societies” presented at a Young Operations Research Conference on “The Challenge of Operations Research” held in Warwick University, U.K. from 28th – 30th March, 1988.

Research Interests

His research interests are in information systems strategy, social issues in information systems development and implementation, ICT for national socio-economic development (ICT4D), software engineering and management of change. Prof. Waema is the Lead Researcher in Kenya for the Research ICT Africa (RIA!) network and the Team Leader in an ICT research awards project for M.Sc. and Ph.D. students from universities in Eastern and Southern Africa countries. He is also the Research Director of the Local Governance and ICTs Research Network for Africa (LOG-IN Africa), a pan-African network of researchers and research institutions from nine African countries focusing on local e-governance. Further, he is the University of Nairobi Research Leader in a bridging the global digital divide project in collaboration with 5 leading UK Universities and sponsored by the British Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council. Finally, Prof. Waema currently is involved in a number of ICT for develo